harumaki.net

インフラ屋の覚書や、ラーメン食べある記とか。

haproxyを試す 5.コマンドライン操作

   


先日のステータス出力を検証した流れで、haproxyのコマンドライン操作について試したことを抜粋。

参考:またまたお世話になっております!
Ver1.5 マニュアル 9.2 Unix Socket commands

haproxy.cfg 設定

前回と同じ内容です。
globalセクションの中に1行記載し、プロセスを再起動します。

	global
	    # snip ---
	    # snip ---
	    # snip ---
	    stats socket /var/lib/haproxy/stats

対話モードでのコマンド操作

socatを使って、ソケットから対話モードを実行

	# socat readline /var/lib/haproxy/stats
	prompt			←コマンド実行直後は"待ち"状態なので、"prompt"を入力してプロンプトを出す
	
	>

show statでのステータス確認

show infoは前回やったので、今回はshow statを例として出力。

	> show stat
	# pxname,svname,qcur,qmax,scur,smax,slim,stot,bin,bout,dreq,dresp,ereq,econ,eresp,wretr,wredis,status,weight,act,bck,chkfail,chkdown,lastchg,downtime,qlimit,pid,iid,sid,throttle,lbtot,tracked,type,rate,rate_lim,rate_max,check_status,check_code,check_duration,hrsp_1xx,hrsp_2xx,hrsp_3xx,hrsp_4xx,hrsp_5xx,hrsp_other,hanafail,req_rate,req_rate_max,req_tot,cli_abrt,srv_abrt,comp_in,comp_out,comp_byp,comp_rsp,lastsess,last_chk,last_agt,qtime,ctime,rtime,ttime,
	main,FRONTEND,,,0,0,3000,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,,OPEN,,,,,,,,,1,2,0,,,,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,,0,0,0,0,,,,,,,,
	static,dev-web01,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,0,61,0,,1,3,1,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,dev-web02,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,0,61,0,,1,3,2,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,dev-web03,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,0,61,0,,1,3,3,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,dev-web04,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,0,61,0,,1,3,4,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,BACKEND,0,0,0,0,300,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,4,4,0,,0,61,0,,1,3,0,,0,,1,0,,0,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,-1,,,0,0,0,0,

バックエンドサーバーのうち1台を無効にしてみる

– コマンドラインから無効化を実行

	> disable server static/dev-web01

– ステータスを確認

	> show stat
	# pxname,svname,qcur,qmax,scur,smax,slim,stot,bin,bout,dreq,dresp,ereq,econ,eresp,wretr,wredis,status,weight,act,bck,chkfail,chkdown,lastchg,downtime,qlimit,pid,iid,sid,throttle,lbtot,tracked,type,rate,rate_lim,rate_max,check_status,check_code,check_duration,hrsp_1xx,hrsp_2xx,hrsp_3xx,hrsp_4xx,hrsp_5xx,hrsp_other,hanafail,req_rate,req_rate_max,req_tot,cli_abrt,srv_abrt,comp_in,comp_out,comp_byp,comp_rsp,lastsess,last_chk,last_agt,qtime,ctime,rtime,ttime,
	main,FRONTEND,,,0,0,3000,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,,OPEN,,,,,,,,,1,2,0,,,,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,,0,0,0,0,,,,,,,,
	static,dev-web01,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,MAINT,1,1,0,0,1,4,4,,1,3,1,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,dev-web02,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,0,77,0,,1,3,2,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,dev-web03,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,0,77,0,,1,3,3,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,dev-web04,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,0,77,0,,1,3,4,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,7,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,BACKEND,0,0,0,0,300,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,3,3,0,,0,77,0,,1,3,0,,0,,1,0,,0,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,-1,,,0,0,0,0,

disableにしたサーバ”dev-web01″のステータスが”UP”から”MAINT(メンテナンスモード)”に変わっている。
以下はdisable実行時のログ。

– haproxy.log抜粋

	May 15 16:50:50 localhost haproxy[3040]: Server static/dev-web01 is going DOWN for maintenance. 3 active and 0 backup servers left. 0 sessions active, 0 requeued, 0 remaining in queue.

無効化したサーバーを有効化してみる

– コマンドラインから有効化

	> enable server static/dev-web01

– ステータスを確認

	> show stat
	# pxname,svname,qcur,qmax,scur,smax,slim,stot,bin,bout,dreq,dresp,ereq,econ,eresp,wretr,wredis,status,weight,act,bck,chkfail,chkdown,lastchg,downtime,qlimit,pid,iid,sid,throttle,lbtot,tracked,type,rate,rate_lim,rate_max,check_status,check_code,check_duration,hrsp_1xx,hrsp_2xx,hrsp_3xx,hrsp_4xx,hrsp_5xx,hrsp_other,hanafail,req_rate,req_rate_max,req_tot,cli_abrt,srv_abrt,comp_in,comp_out,comp_byp,comp_rsp,lastsess,last_chk,last_agt,qtime,ctime,rtime,ttime,
	main,FRONTEND,,,0,0,3000,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,,OPEN,,,,,,,,,1,2,0,,,,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,,0,0,0,0,,,,,,,,
	static,dev-web01,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,1,3,35,,1,3,1,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,dev-web02,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,0,111,0,,1,3,2,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,dev-web03,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,0,111,0,,1,3,3,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,dev-web04,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,1,1,0,0,0,111,0,,1,3,4,,0,,2,0,,0,L4OK,,2,0,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,0,0,,,,,-1,,,0,0,0,0,
	static,BACKEND,0,0,0,0,300,0,0,0,0,0,,0,0,0,0,UP,4,4,0,,0,111,0,,1,3,0,,0,,1,0,,0,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,,,,,0,0,0,0,0,0,-1,,,0,0,0,0,

enableにしたサーバ”dev-web01″のステータスが”MAINT”から”UP”に変わっていることを確認。
以下はenable実行時のログ。

– /var/log/haproxy.logの抜粋

	May 15 16:51:25 localhost haproxy[3040]: Server static/dev-web01 is UP/READY (leaving forced maintenance).

対話モード終了

	> quit

参考:コマンド一覧

UNIXソケットでのアクセスにて、haproxyの動作をコントロールする各種コマンドを利用可能。ここではいったんhelpの抜粋を。
コマンドを使った操作方法も時間を作って試してみたいところです。
あとは公式マニュアルを見ながら気合と根性で意訳…ですね(汗

	> help
	Unknown command. Please enter one of the following commands only :
	  clear counters : clear max statistics counters (add 'all' for all counters)
	  clear table    : remove an entry from a table
	  help           : this message
	  prompt         : toggle interactive mode with prompt
	  quit           : disconnect
	  show info      : report information about the running process
	  show pools     : report information about the memory pools usage
	  show stat      : report counters for each proxy and server
	  show errors    : report last request and response errors for each proxy
	  show sess [id] : report the list of current sessions or dump this session
	  show table [id]: report table usage stats or dump this table's contents
	  get weight     : report a server's current weight
	  set weight     : change a server's weight
	  set server     : change a server's state or weight
	  set table [id] : update or create a table entry's data
	  set timeout    : change a timeout setting
	  set maxconn    : change a maxconn setting
	  set rate-limit : change a rate limiting value
	  disable        : put a server or frontend in maintenance mode
	  enable         : re-enable a server or frontend which is in maintenance mode
	  shutdown       : kill a session or a frontend (eg:to release listening ports)
	  show acl [id]  : report avalaible acls or dump an acl's contents
	  get acl        : reports the patterns matching a sample for an ACL
	  add acl        : add acl entry
	  del acl        : delete acl entry
	  clear acl <id> : clear the content of this acl
	  show map [id]  : report avalaible maps or dump a map's contents
	  get map        : reports the keys and values matching a sample for a map
	  set map        : modify map entry
	  add map        : add map entry
	  del map        : delete map entry
	  clear map <id> : clear the content of this map
	  set ssl <stmt> : set statement for ssl

 - infra, Load Balancing, network , ,